In Practical Life, the children will be participating in work that allows them to imitate adults such as pouring water or dry beans, sweeping, weaving, and washing windows. Here, children lengthen their concentration span by becoming absorbed in an activity, develop muscles and perfect their hand-eye coordination in preparation for reading and writing, pay attention to details while following a sequence of multi-step directions, and develop good work habits by completing the work and putting away the material before moving on.
In Sensorial, the children will be working to manipulate and order the Pink Tower or Brown Stair, pairing the Sound Cylinders, and grading the Color Tablets. Shelves of work choices allow the children to distinguish categories and relate new information to what they have already learned. This area is the beginning of conscious knowledge, according to Dr. Montessori, and it happens when the intelligence works in a concentrated way on impressions given by the senses.
In Mathematics, the children will be tracing sandpaper numbers, building equations with Numeral Rods and number cards, matching numbers into the thousands to beads in the Bank Game, and discovering the relationship of parts to whole with Fraction Spindles. Dr. Montessori found that those who have access to mathematical equipment in their early years will easily and joyfully learn to assimilate many arithmetic facts and skills because they experience the concrete (manipulatives) before the abstract (paper and pencil) is expected.
In Language, the children will be matching sandpaper letters to objects, building words and stories with the Moveable Alphabet, matching pictures and words from 3-Part Cards, participating in name tracing, creating designs using the Metal Insets, and relaxing in comfortable chairs reading specifically designed books. Dr. Montessori’s work that led her to determine the best approach was to first use the concrete then move to the abstract in order to accomplish the ultimate goals of reading and putting thoughts in print (writing) is abundantly evident.
Identifying continents and countries through large wooden puzzle maps and making land formation are highlights in the study of Geography. Botany and Zoology work is conducted using materials such as the Leaf Cabinet and Parts of a Fish puzzles. An appreciation for Art is encouraged by studying famous artists and the children have opportunities to create using a variety of media.